XR-3/Lucky Dragon (named after our SOS mascot) is a new space- ship with superior features by combining and integrating ideas and technologies developed with the concepts and projects of the:
British Rail Flying Saucer/SpaceVehicle,
Leninets Plasma Hypersonic Vehicle (PHV) Ayaks,
Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, United States Air Force (USAF) and NASA Microwave Lightcraft,
SOS X-3³/Drake and
Black Triangle myth TR-3B/Astra.
The special features of the XR-3/Lucky Dragon are its abilities to:
move vertically extremely fast, and
change direction in a never thought to be realizable way,
which makes it a Vertical Take-Off and Vertical Landing (VTVL) plasma spaceship, or simply said, a true spaceship.
So far, in a first step we have collected informations given in the World Wide Web that we found either important or interesting, then in a second step commented these informations and as the third step sketched how the one concept could be integrated with the other concepts in a plausible and today realizable way. In the last step we have begun to sketch in more detail our overall design.
British Rail Flying Saucer:
The patent said: A controlled thermonuclear fusion reaction is ignited by one or more pulsed laser beams produced by lasers and reflected or focused on to a central reaction zone on the underside of the platform. An additional description says: The thermonuclear fusion will take place in a series of pulses, each pulse being triggered by laser energy, and/or energetic particles reflected from a previous pulse. The system will be arranged so that the fusion process will decay after each pulse so that the stability of the system is main- tained.
[The spacecraft is] powered by nuclear [(inertial confinement)] fusion, using laser beams to produce pulses of nuclear energy in a generator in the centre of the craft. The pulses of energy would then have been transferred out of a nozzle into a series of radial electrodes running along the underside of the craft, which would have converted the energy into electricity that would then pass into a ring of powerful electromagnets (superconductive if possible). These magnets would accelerate subatomic particles emitted by the fusion reaction, providing lift and thrust.
Comment: In conjunction with the generator see also the Sneak Preview #1 of the foundational concepts of our engine for our TIE R/LightSwift on the 10th of January 2008, that we are also apply- ing for the Multimode Plasma Engine (MPE) of for example our X-3³/Drake.
[The powertrain was a] blueprint for [(nuclear)] fusion rocket[s.]
Comment: The passenger won't be "fried", and an "unbelievable amount of energy" is not needed at all, as someone of the European Space Agency claimed.
A plasma filled accelerator torus, which is called the Magnetic Field Disrupter (MFD), surrounds the rotatable crew compartment and is far ahead of any technology done by third entities.
Comment: This reminds us of magnetic confinement nuclear fusion, the torodial stanchion of the Microwave Lightcraft, and the series of ion/plasma engines around it, and its crew pods.
The plasma, mercury based, is pressurized at 250,000 atmosphe- res at a temperature of 150 Kelvin [-123.15 °C] and accelerated to at least 50,000 rpm to create a superconductive plasma with the re- sulting gravity disruption. The MFD generates a magnetic vortex field, which disrupts or neutralizes the effects of gravity on mass within proximity, by 89 percent.
Comment: This is contradictory, because sustained ionization and so plasma needs very high temperatures, but a high-temperature sup- erconductor is (very) cold, the compression of a gas increases its temperature, and hot ice is also solid. If all is taken together, then it leads somehow to a system that is not plausible. It seems to be that the two physical concepts have not been understood by the author, who thought to be clever by integrating a fusion reactor with a high-temperature superconductor. Even more confusing is the fact that high-temperature superconductors are often used to confine a plasma in a torus (see for example the devices tokamak or steller- ator), but now the plasma itself should be superconductive. So why should a rotating plasma be needed at all? Besides, we have here an intersection with the superconducting magnet rings of the Microwave Lightcraft.
This is not anti-gravity. Anti-gravity provides a repulsive force that can be used for propulsion. The MFD creates a disruption of the Earth's gravitational field upon the mass within the circular acceler- ator. The mass of the circular accelerator and all mass within the accelerator, such as the crew capsule, avionics, MFD systems, fuels, crew environmental systems, and the nuclear reactor, are reduced by 89%. This causes the effect of making the vehicle extremely light and able to outperform and outmaneuver any craft yet constructed.
Comment: This is contradictory, because it still has something of a perpetuum mobile. Moreover, it resembles the two concepts of the "Generator of a dipole gravitational field" by V.V. Vladimirskii and the "Gravity shielding device" by Yevgeny Podkletnov. At this point we go to the Microwave Lightcraft.
A new element is used that acts as a catalyst to the plasma.
Comment: This leads us to the nuclear fusion with a catalytic cycle, e.g. Carbon-Nitrogen-Oxygen/CNO (catalytic) cycle, as it has been proposed also in the description of an optimization of the original concept of the interstellar ramjet by R. Bussard in the document "Relativistic Spaceflight and Catalytic Nuclear Ramjet" by D.P. Whitmire.
With the vehicle mass reduced by 89%, the craft can travel at Mach 9, vertically or horizontally. Sources say the performance is limited only by the stresses that the human pilots can endure.
Comment: At least Mach 25 should be possible, most potentially much more.
The airship part is a pressurized helium balloon-type structure made of advanced silicon carbide film (transparent to microwaves) to make the craft partly buoyant and to provide for a large parabolic reflector for the energy beamed from space. The craft [is] encircled by two superconducting magnet rings[, several electrodes from the center at the top to the center at the bottom,] and a series of ion engines.
[Three phases and related types of propulsion are applied.]
At launch, the Lightcraft would use electricity from its solar cells (powered by an infrared space-based laser at night) to ionize the air and move the craft through electrostatic discharges. The craft could move at 80 to 160 km/h (50-100 mph).
Comment: This is the principle of an ElectroHydroDynamic (EHD) thruster.
[After] switching on the microwave transmitter [... t]he micro- waves would be focused by the internal reflector to heat the air on one side or the other of the craft and push it in the opposite direct- ion.
Comment: This is a ductless air-breathing Pulse Detonation Engine (PDE) that works like example given the external combustion PDE used with the Flying Pumpkin Seed.
[... at] a good altitude and beyond the speed of sound[, in fact over Mach 2, ...] the magnetohydrodynamic drive [is used ...]. Now the craft tilts from flying edgewise to flying flat into the air stream. The microwaves are reflected forward to create a superhot bubble of air[/plasma] above the craft and form an air spike that acts as the nose cone. [The MagnetoHydroDynamics (]MHD[)] slipstream accelerator and the air spike are designed to annihilate the craft's own bow shock wave when traversing the atmosphere.
Comment: The concept of applying MHD to create an air spike in a gas or plasma medium as the nose cone, and as an accelerator in conjunction with an air-breathing engine was also envisioned in con- junction with the design of the Plasma Hypersonic Vehicle (PHV) Ayaks by Leninets and its Active Aerodynamic Characteristics Control System.
[The Microwave Lightcraft] accelerates to Mach 25.
The crew members ride in liquid-filled escape pods to protect them from g-forces.
Comment: The whole craft is most of the time an external ion engine that mixes ElectroHydroDynamics (EHD) and MagnetoHydroDynamics (MHD) depending on the phase and type of propulsion. Its levitation drive belongs to the class of 0 Gravity 2.0.
(Pulsed) nuclear fusion reactor,
Inertial Confinement Fusion (ICF) or
Magnetized Target Fusion (MTF)
LTD most potentially
(Sorting these out depends on the whole spacecraft and the used engines. This leads to the question if someone has already sorted out the two different cases direct thrust vs. electricity generation, both with hydrogen?)
catalytic cycle, e.g. Carbon-Nitrogen-Oxygen/CNO (catalytic) cycle,
hydrogen or hydrogen peroxide as propellant, or even matter-antimatter,
Three (External) Multimode Plasma Engines ((E)MPE),
Alternative drive concept: Two engines for moving in the horizontal plane and one engine for moving in the vertical plane.
With an intelligent integration the power can be distributed to the EMPEs as needed.
Design exterior: E.T. and Style of Speed
Design interior: Style of Speed
Engine: 3× Multimode Plasma Engine 60
Vmax: Mach 32+ in atmosphere at 64,000 m/210,000 ft
Vmax: Mach 203+ (60 kilometers per second/216,000 km/h/ 134,216 MPH) in vacuum (see our spaceship concept X-3³)
Service ceiling: 1,000 km/621.4 mi to solar system
This is an actual project. Interested persons can contact us day and night.
Here be Dragons